Key links:

Links to help with planning your bilingual family:

Links to help you create your own language practices:

Links about bonding in your own language:

Links about fitting in:

Links about looking back on a bilingual upbringing:

 Links discussing the advantages of bilingualism:

 Links discussing myths about bilingualism:

Multilingualism and development, disorders, and interventions:

Links about the importance of rich speech:

Suggestions, ideas, and other resources to help with motivation:

Helpful links for predicting and coping with critical moments:

Other resources for further reading:

Baker, C. (2007). A parents’ and teachers’ guide to bilingualism. (3rd ed.). Clevedon, Buffalo, and Toronto: Multilingual Matters.

Baker, C., & Hornberger, N. (2001). The influence of bilingualism on cognitive growth: A synthesis of research findings and explanatory hypotheses. In An introductory reader to the writings of Jim Cummins (pp. 26-55). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.

Barron-Hauwaert, S. (2004). Language strategies for bilingual families: The one-parent – one-language approach. Clevedon, Buffalo, and Toronto: Multilingual Matters.

Bialystok, E., Craik, F. I., & Luk, G. (2012). Bilingualism: Consequences for mind and brain. Trends in Cogn Sci., 16(4), 240-250.
Bjork and Kroll, 2015). Desirable difficulties in vocabulary learning. American Journal of Psychology, 128(2), 241–252.

Bjork & Kroll. (2015). Desirable difficulties in vocabulary learning. American Journal of Psychology, 128(2), 241–252.

Craik, F., Bialystok, E., & Freedman, M. (2010). Delaying the onset of Alzheimer disease: Bilingualism as a form of cognitive reserve. Neurology, 75(9 November 2010), 1726-1729.

Cunningham, U. (2011).Growing up with two languages. (3rd ed.). London and New York: Routledge.

Cruz-Ferreira, M. (2010) Multilinguals are…? London/Colombo: Battlebridge Publications

De Houwer, A. (1999). Two or more languages in early childhood: Some general points and practical recommendations. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.

Fernald, A., Marchman, V. A., & Weisleder, A. (2013). SES differences in language processing skill and vocabulary are evident at 18 months. Developmental Science, 16(2), 234–248.

Flores, A., and Soto, R. (2010). Bilingual is better: Two Latina moms on how the bilingual parenting revolution is changing the face of America. United States of America: Bilingual Readers

Grosjean, F. (2010). Effects of bilingualism on children. In Bilingual: Life and reality (pp. 219-228)United States of America: Harvard University Press. 

Hakuta, K., & Diaz, R. (1985). The relationship between degree of bilingualism and cognitive ability: A critical discussion and some new longitudinal data. In K. Nelson (ed.), Children’s language (Vol. 5, pp. 319-344). Hillside, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

Hammer, C. S., Davison, M. D., Lawrence, F. R., & Miccio, A. W. (2009). The Effect of Maternal Language on Bilingual Children’s Vocabulary and Emergent Literacy Development During Head Start and Kindergarten. Scientific Studies of Reading : The Official Journal of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading,13(2), 99–121. 

Hart, B. & Risley, T. (2003). The Early Catastrophe: The 30 Million Word Gap by Age 3. (2003, spring). American Educator, pp.4-9.

Kaiser, A., Eppenberger, L., Smieskova, R., Borgwardt, S., Kuenzli, E., Radue, E.-W., . . . Bendfeldt, K. (2015). Age of second language acquisition in multilinguals has an impact on gray matter volume in language-associated brain areas. Frontiers in Psychology, 8(6).

King, K. and Fogle, L. (2006). Raising bilingual children: Common parental concerns and current research. CAL Digest.

Kovács, Á., & Mehler, J. (2009). Cognitive gains in 7-month-old bilingual infants. PNAS, 106(16), 6556-6560.

Krizman, J., Slater, J., Skoe, E., Marian, V., & Kraus, N. (2015). Neural processing of speech in children is influenced by extent of bilingual experience. Neuroscience letters, 585(12 January 2015), 48-53.

Li Wei. (2000). The bilingualism reader. Londond and New York: Routledge.

Luk, G., Bialystok, E., Craik, F. I. M., & Grady, C. L. (2011). Lifelong Bilingualism Maintains White Matter Integrity in Older Adults. The Journal of Neuroscience31(46), 16808–16813.

Mohades, S., Van Schuerbeek, P., Rosseel, Y., Van De Craen, P., Luypaert, R., & Baeken, C. (2015). White-matter development is different in bilingual and monolingual children: A longitudinal DTI study. PLoS ONE, 10(2).

Navarro, A. (1998). Phonetic effects of the ambient language in early speech: Comparisons of monolingual and bilingual learning children. Miami: University of Miami.

Paradis, J. (2011). Individual differences in child English second language acquisition: Comparing child-internal and child-external factors. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 1, 213-237

Pavlenko, A. (2014). The turn in the study of language and cognition. In The bilingual mind and what it tells us about language and thought (pp. 18-39). United States: Cambridge University Press.

Peal, E., & Lambert, W. (1962). The relation of bilingualism to intelligence. Psychological Monographs 76, 546.

Petitto, L. and Holowka, S. (2002). Evaluating attributions of delay and confusion in young bilinguals: Special insights from infants acquiring a signed and spoken language. Sign Language Studies, 3(1), 4-33.

Rowe, M. (2012). A longitudinal investigation of the role of quantity an quality of child-directed speech in vocabulary development. Child development, 83(5), 1762-1774.

Smith, F. (1990). To think. Teachers College Press. 

Steiner, N., & Hayes, S. (2009).7 steps to raising a bilingual child. New York: AMACOM.

TEDx talk on the ‘monolingual mindset’ and how to better incorporate minority languages in teaching and learning. By Felicity Meakins, research fellow at the University of Queensland and field linguist specialising in Australian Indigenous languages.

Unsworth, S. (2015). Quantity and quality of language input in bilingual language development. In Nicoladis, E., & Montanari, S. (eds.) Lifespan perspectives on bilingualism. (pp. 136-196). Mouton de Gruyter/APA.

Valdes, G., & Figueroa, R. (1994). Bilingualism and testing: A special case of bias. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Corporation.

Zurer Pearson, B. (2008). A step-by-step guide for parents: Raising a bilingual child. United States: Living Language.3